The Effect of Surfactant on the Morphology of SnO2 Nanoarrays
The morphology of SnO2 nanoarrays prepared on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates by hydrothermal method can be controlled through using different surfactants. The surfactants play an important role in influencing the morphology and size of SnO2 nanoarrays. The rod-like nano-arrays prepared by using cationic surfactant, disordered structure randomly assembled by nanoparticle obtained by using anionic surfactant, the flower-like nanoarrays synthesized by using nonionic surfactant. Furthermore, the effect of the amount of nonionic surfactant-polyvinyl pyrrolidone(PVP) on the morphology and size of flower-like SnO2 nanoarrays has systematically been investigated.
Xiaodong Zhang, Zhijiu Ai, Prasad Yarlagadda and Yun-Hae Kim
Y. L. Wang et al., "The Effect of Surfactant on the Morphology of SnO2 Nanoarrays", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 338, pp. 495-498, 2011