Abstract: In this paper, the level of lean manufacturing implementation by Saudi manufacturing companies is investigated, the extent of application of lean manufacturing practice is identified and the benefits and barriers of Lean implementation are evaluated. The results reported in this paper are based on data collected from a survey using a standard questionnaire administered to 120 manufacturers in Saudi Arabia. Evidence indicates that large size companies are more likely to implement and gain the advantages of lean manufacturing than small and medium size companies. The most implemented lean manufacturing tools are Computerized Planning Systems, TQM, Maintenance Optimization and CIP. Main barriers against lean manufacturing implementation include the organization culture, lack of management commitment and lack of skilled workers. Results also show that benefits gained from lean manufacturing implementation are significant and are correlated with the level of implementation of lean strategies.