Numerical Simulation of Blade-Wake Interaction of Vertical Axis Tidal Turbine
To study the blade-wake interaction of vertical axis tidal turbine (VATT)，particles were placed in the flow field to trace blade wake during numerical simulation. Numerical simulations were conducted utilizing Euler-Lagrange model. In the simulations, the continuous phase was solved by Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stocks(RANS) equation combined with SST turbulence model and the particle trajectories of the dispersed phase were determined by momentum equation. Numerical results of predicting instantaneous blade forces and blade wakes showed good agreement with the test data. The model was also compared with previous classic free vortex model (V-DART), vortex method combined with finite element analysis (FEVDTM) and 2-D vortex panel model (VPM2D). It showed that the present model was much better than the former.
Z. C. Li et al., "Numerical Simulation of Blade-Wake Interaction of Vertical Axis Tidal Turbine", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 346, pp. 318-323, 2012