Hybrid Electric and Battery Electric City Buses Benefit Analysis Based on Lifecycle Cost and Emission
This paper took hybrid electric bus and battery electric bus as research subjects, built lifecycle cost model based on purchase cost and using cost, calculated well-to-wheel carbon dioxide emission based on GREET model, analyzed current situation and foreground of new energy buses compared with conventional diesel bus. The results shows hybrid electric bus has advantages on cost and emission in the coming decade. While lifecycle cost of battery electric bus is too high today, and the cost in the future depends on battery technology development.
Weiguo Pan, Jianxing Ren and Yongguang Li
N. Wang et al., "Hybrid Electric and Battery Electric City Buses Benefit Analysis Based on Lifecycle Cost and Emission", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 347-353, pp. 952-955, 2012