Study on the Spectrophotometric Determination of Trace Cadmium after Flotation Separation with Ternary Association Complex System

Abstract:

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The paper presents a novel method for the flotation separation of Cd2+ with ternary association complex system prior to the determination by spectrophotometry. The effects of different parameters,such as the dosages of KI and octadecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (OTMAC),various salts and acidity etc. on the flotation yield of Cd 2+ have been investigated to select the experimental conditions. The possible flotation mechanism of Cd2+ was discussed.The results showed that by controlling pH2.0,in the presence of 1.0g (NH4)2SO4, when the dosage of 0.1 mol•L-1 KI solution was 2.00 mL and 0.01 mol•L-1 OTMAC solution was 2.00 mL respectively, the water-insoluble ternary association complex of (OTMAC)2(CdI4) which produced by Cd 2+ and I-,OTMAC cation (OTMAC+) floated above water phase and liquid-solid phases were formed with clear interface,while Mn2+ , Ni2+ ,Co2+ , Zn2+ and Al 3+ could not be floated,so Cd2+ was floated quantitatively at pH2.0. Thereby, the quantitative separation of Cd2+ from the above metal ions could be achieved.A new method of determination of trace cadmium by flotation separation was established.The proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of Cd 2+ in the sample of synthetic water and the flotation yield was 97.2%~108.7%.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 356-360)

Edited by:

Hexing Li, Qunjie Xu and Daquan Zhang

Pages:

1234-1237

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.356-360.1234

Citation:

X. R. Wen and C. Q. Tu, "Study on the Spectrophotometric Determination of Trace Cadmium after Flotation Separation with Ternary Association Complex System", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 356-360, pp. 1234-1237, 2012

Online since:

October 2011

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$35.00

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