Study on the Divergent Characteristics of Soil Fungi and Actinomycetes at Dry Lake Wetland on Typical Steppe
In this study, the composition and distribution of dominant soil filamentous microbes , such as fungi and actinomycetes, at dry lake wetland soil on typical steppe were measured through Spread-Plate-Technique; the divergent characteristics of two microbial floras at lake wetland and typical steppe were analyzed; and several indicators of soil filamentous microbes, for example, diversity, richness, evenness, and dominance, were calculated. For fungi, there is significant difference between lake center (LC), typical steppe (TS) & lake bed (LB), lake side (LS) for diversity and richness; and there is significant difference between LC and TS& LB and LS for dominance. For actinomycetes, there is significant difference between LC & LS, and LB& TS for diversity; and there is significant difference between LC&TS for richness; and there is significant difference between LC&LS for evenness. At LC, the most dominant floras is Mucor, accounting for 100%. At LB, Mucor accounts for 26.25% and Penicillium accounts for 45%. At LS, the dominant floras are Mucor, accounting for 48%, and Penicillium, accounting for 34.48%. At TS, Penicillium has become the dominant flora to account for 92.23%. For actinomycetes, the most dominant floras at LC is Griseofuscus, accounting for 55.71%. At LS, the dominant floras are Griseofuscus accounting for18.75%, and balding group, accounting for 20%. At TS, the dominant flora are Griseofuscus, accounting for16.08%, and Flav us, accounting for 14.69%.The results have demonstrated a better understanding toward the development and succession mechanisms of wetland to provide the basis for protection and rational utilizations of dry lake wetland.
Hexing Li, Qunjie Xu and Daquan Zhang
J. Zhao et al., "Study on the Divergent Characteristics of Soil Fungi and Actinomycetes at Dry Lake Wetland on Typical Steppe", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 356-360, pp. 2678-2681, 2012