Effects of Three Salts to Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus) Accumulating Cadmium in Cd-Contaminated Soil
In order to use the Cd-contaminated saline soil, experiments have been carried out to analyze the differences among effects of three salts on cadmium accumulation capacities of Brassica Napus in Cd-contaminated soil, thus to figure out the phytoremediation effects of planting Brassica Napus in different types of Cd-contaminated saline soils. Brassica Napus(a cadmium hyperaccumulator plant) has been as the research plant, the Brassica Napus was planted in Cd-contaminated soils (Cd: 10 mg•kg-1) with different salt concentrations(0 g•kg-1, 2g•kg-1,4 g•kg-1 and 6 g•kg-1) for 60 days as required by the greenhouse pot soil culture experiment, thus to study the bioconcentration factor(BCF) of Brassica Napus on Cd and the effects of Brassica Napus on the changes of concentrations in the shoots and roots. The three main salts in the soil, namely, sodium chloride, sodium sulfate and sodium carbonate, were chosen as the analysis and research objects. The results showed that the soil containing sodium carbonate inhibited the Brassica Napus from absorbing Cd in the soil, so did the soil containing sodium sulfate, however, the effect was not so obvious as that of the soil containing sodium carbonate. However, the soil containing sodium chloride had little impact on Cd absorption of the Brassica Napus that it could only slightly promote the cadmium accumulation capacities of Brassica Napus under a very high concentration, In different types of saline soils, there were significant differences among the effects of different salts on cadmium accumulation capacities of Brassica Napus, the sodium chloride in the soil had little impact on cadmium accumulation capacities of the roots of Brassica Napus, however, it could enhance the cadmium accumulation capacities of the shoots of Brassica Napus; the sodium carbonate in the soil could significantly inhibit the shoots and roots of Brassica Napus from accumulating the cadmium, therefore, it was not conducive for the Brassica Napus to accumulate cadmium.
Hexing Li, Qunjie Xu and Daquan Zhang
L. P. Yi and Z. W. Wang, "Effects of Three Salts to Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus) Accumulating Cadmium in Cd-Contaminated Soil", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 356-360, pp. 63-69, 2012