A 1/4 scales four-storey model of post-tensioned unbonded prestressed concrete hollow slab-column structure has been made to do the ultimate load test on the second-storey floor. By measuring the floor deflection, stresses of steel bars and cracks of floors, the bearing capacity of floor is explored. The bearing capacity tests of floor are divided into three stages: elastic stage, crack growth stage and destruction stage. Based on the test results and crack developments in floor, a improved plastic hinge model is carried out to predict the ultimate loads. The calculated results of the ultimate loads with improved plastic hinge model are in good agreement with the experiment data.