The blasting vibration derived from multiple blasts and its effects on surrounding rock in a longspan tunnel will probably give rise to cumulative damage of surrounding rock, and weaken surrounding rock’s stability. Blastmate III, made by the Canadian company Instantel, is utilized to monitor the vibration signals from multiple blasts. Blasting vibration decay law and allowed safety distance of blasting are calculated by using Sadaovsk formula. Then, cumulative effects are analyzed by Hilbert-Huang Transform method as well as consequential instantaneous energy spectrum, and UTEP is presented to indicate the change of cumulative effects and damage in surrouding rock. The research shows that during the progress of damage evolution, “strengthening” and” deteriorating” may alternately appear several times. This is a zigzag reciprocating process in damage evolution of surrounding rock.