LBW of Similar and Dissimilar Skin-Stringer Joints Part II: Electrochemical Characterization
The durability of metal structures depends most upon the corrosion behaviour of its materials as well as the on the electrochemical behaviour of joints and the technology employed to construct the joints itself. This work describes the effect of Laser Beam Welding (LBW) technology on the electrochemical and corrosion behaviour of parent materials and bead of several aluminium alloy joints. Investigation was carried out by using dc electrochemical techniques (open circuit potential monitoring, OCP, and anodic polarization) on selected micro areas of parent materials and bead by means of a suitable electrochemical microcell. With regards to the corrosion behaviour of heat affected zone (HAZ), no data has been presented due to the small area of HAZ when compared to the microcapillary area adopted in this study. Alloys investigated in this work are the AA 2139 and AA 6156 as skin in the form of rolled sheets, and AA 2139 and PA 765 as stringer, in form of extruded parts. In addition, the AA 4047 has been used as filler material in form of wire. Results obtained in this investigation indicated that no major corrosion concerns arise from the LBW of both laminated AA 2139 skin with extruded AA 2139 stringer and laminated AA 6156 skin with extruded AA 2139 stringer. In the former case, the bead exhibits corrosion potential nobler than that exhibited by the skin and stringer of circa 100 mV for the AA 6156 skin with extruded AA 2139 joint. This result is attributed to the presence of Si in the bead due to the process parameters adopted for such a weld. Quite similar corrosion behaviour was observed for the skin, stringer and bead in the latter case. Attention must be paid when laminated AA 2139 skin with extruded PA 765 stringer, and laminated AA 6156 skin with extruded PA 765 stringer are joined by LBW. In this case low potential and high surface activity were observed on the stringer and bead and attributed to the excess of Zn in the PA 765 alloy.
Vinod Agarwala, Francesco Bellucci, Mario Montuori and Juliet Ippolito
G. Castagnola et al., "LBW of Similar and Dissimilar Skin-Stringer Joints Part II: Electrochemical Characterization", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 38, pp. 320-334, 2008