Characteristic Features of Thickness Change of Pipe during Die Forming
Recently the growing demand for light weight products with high strength has been increased by the rapid development of automobile and aircraft technology. Also, reduction of carbon dioxide emissions is one of the most important issues also in the automobile industry. The weight reduction technology is important even if applied to electric vehicles rather than gasoline vehicles, as reduction of energy consumption is an important issue. Plastic processing of hollow pipes is an important technology for realizing weight reduction of automobile components. As an example of research into pipe forming there is the research by Ohashi et al. [1-2], who have carried out processing to enlarge pipe diameters using a lost core, which achieved suppressing reduction in wall thickness and greater pipe expansion than hydro forming. The authors investigated into a method of increasing the wall thickness of pipe by press forming. Using the finite element analysis method it was predicted that it is possible to increase the wall thickness of aluminum pipe with 2mm wall thickness by approximately 20% by hollow pipe press forming. Also, it was predicted that it is possible to increase the wall thickness by approximately 30% in places by eccentric pipe wall thickness increase. Also, the effect of the metal die which has a large effect on processing a pipe from a circular cylindrical shape to a rectangular tube shape was investigated.
Y. Kotani et al., "Characteristic Features of Thickness Change of Pipe during Die Forming", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 383-390, pp. 2794-2800, 2012