Parametric Optimization of TIG Welding on 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel by Grey-Based Taguchi Method
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) is one of the most widely used welding process in industry. The input parameters play a very significant role in determining the quality of a welded joint (geometry of weld bead). The joint quality can be evaluated by studying the features of weld bead geometry (output parameters) such as Bead Width (BW), Bead Height (BH) and Depth of Penetration (DP). Present study focused on welding of austenitic stainless steel sheets using GTAW process with 316L material. The output variables are determined according to gas flow rate, travel speed and current. Grey relational analysis is applied to optimize the input parameters simultaneously considering the multiple output variables. Finally, confirmation experiment has been conducted to validate the optimized parameters and found to be correlated.
N. N. Korra and K.R. Balasubramanian, "Parametric Optimization of TIG Welding on 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel by Grey-Based Taguchi Method", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 383-390, pp. 4667-4671, 2012