Fabrication of Barium Stannate Tatanate Ceramics via Combustion Technique
The effect of firing temperatures on phase formation and microstructure of barium stannate titanate [Ba(Sn0.1Ti0.9)O3; BST10] ceramics were investigated. BST10 was synthesized via a combustion method, at various calcination and sintering temperatures. It was found that, a single perovskite of BST10 powders was obtained with a calcinations temperature of 1200 oC. The percent of the perovskite phase and the lattice parameter were increased with increasing calcination temperatures. The average particle size was increased from 0.48 to 1.69 µm by increasing the calcined temperature from 600 to 1200 oC. The average grain sizes were increased from 0.99 to 17.77 µm by increasing the sintering temperature from 1250 to 1450 oC. The maximum density and dielectric constant were observed in sintered samples at 1350 oC.
C. Wattanawikkam and T. Bongkarn, "Fabrication of Barium Stannate Tatanate Ceramics via Combustion Technique", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 55-57, pp. 173-176, 2008