Effect of Direct Electric Resistance Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of NiTi Orthodontic Arch Wires
Two types of rectangular orthodontic archwires; NiTiTM and 40oCuNiTi, were heat treated by Direct Electric Resistance Heat Treatment (DERHT) using different electric currents for 4 s. Their mechanical properties were then evaluated by micro hardness and three-point bending tests. After applying 4.5-5.5 A current, the hardness of NiTiTM increased with the increased current, whereas the change in hardness of 40oCuNiTi was slight. When 6 A current was applied, the hardness of the midspan of both wires significantly decreased. From the three-point bending test, unloading forces of NiTiTM increased after treating with 5.5 A current, while those of 40oCuNiTi decreased. However, both specimens lost their superelasticity when applied with 6 A current. In conclusion, after DERHT, various changes in mechanical properties can be noted in the different types of nickel titanium archwire.
W. Kiattiwongse et al., "Effect of Direct Electric Resistance Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of NiTi Orthodontic Arch Wires", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 55-57, pp. 249-252, 2008