Irradiation Distribution on Solar Cells inside CPCs with a Restricted Exit Angle
In this work, irradiation distribution on the base of ideal two-dimensional CPCs with and without a restricted exit angle, to which solar cells are attached, are analyzed by the ray-tracing technique. Results show that, given an acceptance half-angle (Θa), for CPCs without a restricted exit angle (CPC-1), radiation flux distribution on the base depends on the incidence angle of solar rays (Θ ); whereas for CPCs with a restricted exit angle (CPC-2), the flux distribution depends on and the restricted exit angle (Θe). For both CPC-1 and 2 with identical geometric concentration factor (Ct=2) and acceptance half-angle ( Θa=20), the peak flux concentration ratio on the base of CPC-2 with =65o decreases about 43%, 30% and 49% for the radiation at the incident angle of 0o, 10o and 18o, respectively, as compared to CPC-1. This implies that solar flux distribution on the base of CPC-2 is more uniform, thus, more efficient for photovoltaic conversion as compared with CPC-1.
Y. M. Yu et al., "Irradiation Distribution on Solar Cells inside CPCs with a Restricted Exit Angle", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 588-589, pp. 603-607, 2012