Investigations of Attached and Unattached Cells during Bioleaching of Chalcopyrite with Acidianus Manzaensis at 65°C
For the purpose of investigations of the different situations when the cells of Acidianus manzaensis can or can not attach the surface of the chalcopyrite. Three experiments were carried out in the modified shake flasks, and in one of the experiments the cells could not attach the surface of the chalcopyrite, but could participate in the solution chemistry of the process. The redox potential, pH, cell density, copper, ion and thiosulfate concentration in the solution were monitored in the experiments, and the morphological feature and chemical composition of the leached residues were analyzed by SEM and XRD. The most leach effiency of Cu and Fe was reached in the experiment that the Acidianus manzaensis could attach the surface of the chalcopyrite. However, the unattached Acidianus manzaensis could also leach the chalcopyrite, but it was less actively than attached cells. There was no precipitation of jarosite in the leached residues of the three experiments, but there was sulfur in the leached residues when the cells could not attach the chalcopyrite. So the surface passivating layer of sulfur can be removed only when the Acidianus manzaensis can attach the surface of the chalcopyrite. From these results it become apparent that the leach of the chalcopyrite is the cooperative action of the attached and unattached Acidianus manzaensis.
Edgardo R. Donati, Marisa R. Viera, Eduardo L. Tavani, María A. Giaveno, Teresa L. Lavalle, Patricia A. Chiacchiarini
H. Zhou et al., "Investigations of Attached and Unattached Cells during Bioleaching of Chalcopyrite with Acidianus Manzaensis at 65°C", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 71-73, pp. 377-380, 2009