Effects of Isothermal Aging on Tensile Properties and Fracture Behavior of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal

Abstract:

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In this research, variations of tensile properties and fracture behavior of 316L austenitic stainless steel weld metal as a function of aging temperature and time have been investigated. Stainless steel plates were butt-welded using GTAW process. Weld metal tensile specimens were subjected to various aging heat treatments at temperatures of 750 and 850°C for periods of 1 to 100 hours prior to tensile tests at 25 and 500°C. Dissolution of delta-ferrite and formation of sigma phase network during aging resulted in a mild increase in tensile strength and significant reduction in ductility, particularly at 25°C. Although fracture surfaces exhibited ductile features, the dimple morphology and the macroscopic fracture mode were found to be affected by aging. The unaged weld metal exhibited a classic mode of cup and cone fracture, whereas slant and flat types of fracture modes were observed in the aged weld metals, with the slant mode being dominant at 500°C. The slant mode was associated with deformation localization along arrays of primary voids, nucleated at cracked sigma phase particles, oriented at about 45° to loading direction. The transition in the fracture mode is further discussed based on variations in the dimple morphologies and strain hardening exponent.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 83-86)

Edited by:

M. S. J. Hashmi, B. S. Yilbas and S. Naher

Pages:

1182-1189

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.83-86.1182

Citation:

A. Karimian et al., "Effects of Isothermal Aging on Tensile Properties and Fracture Behavior of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 83-86, pp. 1182-1189, 2010

Online since:

December 2009

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Price:

$35.00

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