Effects of Isothermal Aging on Tensile Properties and Fracture Behavior of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal
In this research, variations of tensile properties and fracture behavior of 316L austenitic stainless steel weld metal as a function of aging temperature and time have been investigated. Stainless steel plates were butt-welded using GTAW process. Weld metal tensile specimens were subjected to various aging heat treatments at temperatures of 750 and 850°C for periods of 1 to 100 hours prior to tensile tests at 25 and 500°C. Dissolution of delta-ferrite and formation of sigma phase network during aging resulted in a mild increase in tensile strength and significant reduction in ductility, particularly at 25°C. Although fracture surfaces exhibited ductile features, the dimple morphology and the macroscopic fracture mode were found to be affected by aging. The unaged weld metal exhibited a classic mode of cup and cone fracture, whereas slant and flat types of fracture modes were observed in the aged weld metals, with the slant mode being dominant at 500°C. The slant mode was associated with deformation localization along arrays of primary voids, nucleated at cracked sigma phase particles, oriented at about 45° to loading direction. The transition in the fracture mode is further discussed based on variations in the dimple morphologies and strain hardening exponent.
M. S. J. Hashmi, B. S. Yilbas and S. Naher
A. Karimian et al., "Effects of Isothermal Aging on Tensile Properties and Fracture Behavior of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld Metal", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 83-86, pp. 1182-1189, 2010