The cleaning element is not only the key part of the sugarcane harvester, but it is also the bottleneck of the development within the whole stalk of the sugarcane harvester. In this paper, it will theoretically elaborate on the structural forces that act on the spiraled and brushed shape cleaning elements during the process of the sugarcane cleaning. The paper also elaborates on the combined rigidity of elements in different arrangement installations and the maximum stress that acts on its roots. In addition to this，the FEA (Finite Element Analysis) software-ANSYS is used to analyze the structural force, the maximum stress, and the air resistance that is generated during the working process. The results of the analysis have been validated by experimentations. The experimental results indicate that, with the proper spiral angle cleaning element installed, it can both enhance the cleaning efficiency and reduce the maximum stress and the air resistance. Accordingly, it can improve the cleaning quality, prolong the working life of the cleaning element, and reduce the idling power waste of the cleaning device.