Magnetic behavior of ferromagnetic materials has been using to detect defects of materials. To evaluate the stress states of the components by the magnetic memory signal, Q235 defect asymmetrical samples were made. The characteristics of magnetic memory of Q235 have been studied in the three different testing environments which are online-loading, online-unloading and offline-unloading under cycle tensile stress. The results show that magnetic memory signals have different characteristics in different testing environment. It is feasible to evaluate preliminarily the stress state by the magnetic memory signals.