DSC Kinetic Studies on Glass Ceramic System Crystallizing Indialite (Mg2Al4Si5O18)
A formulation belonging to the CaO-MgO-SiO2-Al2O3 system was characterized in order to found a monophase system based on indialite (Mg2Al4Si5O18), known for its good mechanical characteristics. The classical kinetic studies performed in the muffle kiln show an initial surface crystallization followed from immediate bulk crystallization. The kinetic results obtained via differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were treated with isothermal method, Kissinger, Ozawa and Matusita and Sakka approaches and compared. These results partially explain the macroscopic behavior, because the studies performed on sample of different grain size show a typical trend for a surface crystallization, while the value of Avrami parameter calculated from the kinetics is 2.3, demonstrating a bi-dimensional crystallization. The value of crystallization energy EC calculated with the isothermal method is 517.8 kJmol-1 and the comparison with nonisothermal studies suggests bulk crystallization to occur with an increasing number of nuclei and a two-dimensional growth of crystals.
G. Baldi et al., "DSC Kinetic Studies on Glass Ceramic System Crystallizing Indialite (Mg2Al4Si5O18)", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 45, pp. 25-29, 2006