Mechano-Active Cartilage Tissue Engineering
To engineer cartilaginous constructs with a mechano-active scaffold and dynamic compression was performed for effective cartilage tissue engineering. Mechano-active scaffolds were fabricated from very elastic poly(L-lactide-co-ε-carprolactone)(5:5). The scaffolds with 85 % porosity and 300~500 μm pore size were prepared by a gel-pressing method. The scaffolds were seeded with chondrocytes and the continuous compressive deformation of 5% strain was applied to cell-polymer constructs with 0.1Hz to evaluate for the effect of dynamic compression for regeneration of cartilage. Also, the chondrocytes-seeded constructs stimulated by the continuous compressive deformation of 5% strain with 0.1Hz for 10 days and 24 days respectively were implanted in nude mice subcutaneously to investigate their biocompatibility and cartilage formation. From biochemical analyses, chondrogenic differentiation was sustained and enhanced significantly and chondrial extracellular matrix was increased through mechanical stimulation. Histological analysis showed that implants stimulated mechanically formed mature and well-developed cartilaginous tissue, as evidenced by chondrocytes within lacunae. Masson’s trichrome and Safranin O staining indicated an abundant accumulation of collagens and GAGs. Also, ECM in constructs was strongly immuno-stained with anti-rabbit collagen type II antibody. Consequently, the periodic application of dynamic compression can improve the quality of cartilaginous tissue formed in vitro and in vivo.
P. VINCENZINI and R. GIARDINO
S. H. Kim et al., "Mechano-Active Cartilage Tissue Engineering", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 49, pp. 189-196, 2006