Bioceramics: Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) of Calcium Phosphates
Calcium phosphates (Ca-P) are major constituents of calcified tissues, and are also extensively used for the elaboration of biomaterials. However, the usual high-temperature sintering processes generally lead to strong alterations of their chemical, physical and biological properties. Spark plasma sintering (SPS) is a non-conventional sintering technique based on the use of pulsed current, enabling fast heating and cooling rates, and lower sintering temperatures are often observed. The sintering of several orthophosphates (DCPD, amorphous TCP, beta-TCP, OCP, HA and biomimetic nanocrystalline apatites) by SPS was investigated in order to track potential advantages of this technique over usual Ca-P sintering methods. Special attention was given to the SPS consolidation of highly bioactive nanocrystalline apatites.
P. VINCENZINI and R. GIARDINO
C. Drouet et al., "Bioceramics: Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) of Calcium Phosphates", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 49, pp. 45-50, 2006