General Corrosion Properties of Modified PNC1520 Austenitic Stainless Steel in Supercritical Water as a Fuel Cladding Candidate Material for Supercritical Water Reactor
The Super-Critical Water-cooled Reactor (SCWR) has been designed and investigated because of its high thermal efficiency and plant simplification. As the operating temperature of supercritical water reactor will be between 280°C and 620°C with a pressure of 25MPa, the selection of materials is difficult and important. The PNC1520 austenitic stainless steel developed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) as a nuclear fuel cladding material for a Na-cooled fast breeder reactor. The corrosion data of PNC1520 in supercritical water (SCW) is required but does not exist. The purpose of the present study is to research the corrosion properties for PNC1520 austenitic stainless steel in supercritical water. The supercritical water corrosion test was performed for the standard PNC1520 (1520S), the Ti-additional type of PNC1520 (1520Ti) and the Zr-additional type of PNC1520 (1520Zr) by using a supercritical water autoclave. In view of general corrosion, 1520Zr may have larger possibility than 1520S and 1520Ti to adopt a supercritical water reactor core fuel cladding.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Hua-Tay LIN and Kevin FOX
Y. Nakazono et al., "General Corrosion Properties of Modified PNC1520 Austenitic Stainless Steel in Supercritical Water as a Fuel Cladding Candidate Material for Supercritical Water Reactor", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 73, pp. 72-77, 2010