The Evaluation of TiTe2 as a Diffusion Barrier in the Formation of Low Thermal Conductivity Nanolaminates with Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3

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The evolution of designed [(Ti-Te)]x[(Sb-Te)]y, [(Bi-Te)]x[(Sb-Te)]y, [(Ti-Te)]w[(Bi-Te)]x[(Sb-Te)]y and [(Ti-Te)]w[(Bi-Te)]x[(Ti-Te)]y[(Sb-Te)]z precursors were followed as a function of annealing temperature and time using both low and high angle x-ray diffraction techniques to probe the self assembly into nanolaminate materials. The [(Bi-Te)]x[(Sb-Te)]y precursors were found to interdiffuse at low temperatures to form a (BixSb1-x)2Te3 alloy. The [(Ti-Te)]x[(Bi-Te)]y and [(Ti-Te)]x[(Sb-Te)]y precursors formed ordered nanolaminates [{(TiTe2)}1.35]x[Bi2Te3]y and [{(TiTe2)}1.35]x[Sb2Te3]y respectively. The [(Ti-Te)]w[(Bi-Te)]x[(Sb-Te)]x precursors formed [{(TiTe2)}1.35]w[(Bi0.5Sb0.5)2Te3]2x nanolaminates on annealing, as the bismuth and antimony layers interdiffused. Over the range of TiTe2 thicknesses used in [(Ti-Te)]w[(Bi-Te)]x[(Ti-Te)]y[(Sb-Te)]z precursors, Bi and Sb were found to interdiffuse through the 2-4 nm thick Ti-Te layers, resulting in the formation of (BixSb1-x)2Te3 alloy layers as part of the final nanolaminated products. When the Bi-Te and Sb-Te thicknesses were equal in the amorphous precursors, symmetric [{(TiTe2)}1.35]m[(Bi0.5Sb0.5)2Te3]n nanolamiantes were formed. When the thicknesses of Bi-Te and Sb-Te layers were not equal in the amorphous precursor, asymmetric [(TiTe2)1.35]m[(BixSb1-x)2Te3]n[(TiTe2)1.35]m[(BixSb1-x)2Te3]p nanolaminates were formed. These results imply that to form (A)w(B)x(C)y nanolaminates using designed layered precursors all three components must be immiscible. To form (A)x(B)y(A)x(C)z nanolaminates, the components must be immiscible or the precursor to the A component and the A component itself must be an effective interdiffusion barrier preventing B and C from mixing.

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Periodical:

Edited by:

Pietro VINCENZINI, Kunihito KOUMOTO, Nicola ROMEO and Mark MEHOS

Pages:

38-47

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AST.74.38

Citation:

C. Mortensen et al., "The Evaluation of TiTe2 as a Diffusion Barrier in the Formation of Low Thermal Conductivity Nanolaminates with Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 74, pp. 38-47, 2010

Online since:

October 2010

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$35.00

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