Thermoelectric Generating Properties of Perovskite Like Materials
Research and development of thermoelectric generators have been actively carried out to use waste heat. It is well known some p-type oxides show high thermoelectric performance. However, an n-type oxide with high performance has not been found. An n-type CaMnO3 is a promising material because of its high Seebeck coefficient. The electrical resistivity of this oxide is, however, too high to use it practically. Not only high Seebeck coefficient but also low electrical resistivity is required for practical use. At first, we investigated the effects of element substitution in order to decrease the resistivity. N-type CaMn0.9M0.1O3 (M=Cu, In) compounds were prepared by solid-state reaction and hot pressing. The maximum value of power factor for CaMn0.9In0.1O3 was 0.204 mWm-1K-2, which was the largest of all specimens at 673 K. This value was, however, not enough to use it practically. Secondly, we focus attention on Aurivillius compounds. The Aurivillius compounds consist of Perovskite layers and Bi-O layers. We expect that this crystal structure shows large Seebeck coefficient due to the quantum confinement of electron in Perovskite layer. Bi2VO5.5 with Aurivillius structure was prepared by solid-state reaction and hot pressing. The Seebeck coefficient of Bi2VO5.5 decreased with increasing temperature and was positive value below 600 K and was negative value above 600 K. The power factor of annealed Bi2VO5.5 showed the highest value of all specimens at the temperature range above 800 K.
Pietro VINCENZINI, Kunihito KOUMOTO, Nicola ROMEO and Mark MEHOS
H. Kohri et al., "Thermoelectric Generating Properties of Perovskite Like Materials", Advances in Science and Technology, Vol. 74, pp. 72-76, 2010