Influence of the Transition to Nanoscaled State on Electrochemical Properties of LaMnO3+δ Oxide
The electrochemical behavior of perovskite type LaMnO3 (LMO) oxides with different mean particle size was studied by voltammetry with the use of a carbon paste electroactive electrode. Three stages of electrochemical reduction were recognized. The first two of them are related to the release of oxygen from the crystal lattice in the range of two side nonstoichiometry of LaMnO3±δ whereas the final stage is conditioned by the decomposition of LaMnO3-δ into new phases. The nature of these phases and their formation mechanisms are different for nano- and microparticles. The utmost size effect appears on cathodic curves recorded from the stationary potential. The effect is not only due to the size factor but also due to the difference in electrochemical properties of nano- and microparticles. While the decomposition of LaMnO3 microparticles proceeds into La2O3 and MnO oxides, the nanoparticles decompose through the intermediate stage of Mn3O4 formation in accordance with the transformation sequence principle.
Andreas Öchsner and Graeme E. Murch
G.A. Kozhina et al., "Influence of the Transition to Nanoscaled State on Electrochemical Properties of LaMnO3+δ Oxide ", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 273-276, pp. 354-360, 2008