Nanoparticle Friction Force and Effective Viscosity of Nanosuspensions
The transport properties of nanofluids are investigated by the molecular dynamics method. It is shown that the force acting on a nanoparticle is nonstationary, in contrast to the Stokes force. In the initial stage of relaxation, the friction force is greater than the Stokes value. Subsequently, this force decreases and reaches an asymptotic value. This value is comparable to the Stokes force only for a massive particle. A correlation for determining the friction coefficient is constructed. It is established that the effective viscosity coefficient of nanofluids depends not only on the volume concentration of nanoparticles but also on the nanoparticle mass and radius.
Andreas Öchsner and Graeme E. Murch
V. Rudyak et al., "Nanoparticle Friction Force and Effective Viscosity of Nanosuspensions ", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 273-276, pp. 566-571, 2008