Diffusion of Refractory Elements in Ni—X—Y (X, Y: Co, Re, Ru, W) Ternary Alloys
Ni-based superalloys are strengthed by refractory elements such as Re, Ru and W . Thus, the information on the interdiffusion coefficient as well as the thermodynamic interaction between the refractory elements is important for the future alloy design. In this study, interdiffusion coefficients of the refractory elements in Ni-X-Y (X, Y=Co, Re, Ru, W) ternary systems were estimated by a series of experiments. In the all systems studied in the present works, the main interdiffusion coefficients were much larger than the cross interdiffusion coefficients. In some systems, two cross interdiffuion coefficients had opposite signs each other. For example, in Ni-Co-Ru system, the main interdiffusion coefficients are 2.7 10 14 ~ Ru = × − CoCo D and 15 6.8 10 ~ Ru = × − RuRu D , while the cross interdiffusion coefficients are 16 6.6 10 ~ Ru = − × − CoRu D and 16 8.9 10 ~ Ru = × − RuCo D at 1523K. In Ni-Co-Ru and Ni-Re-Co systems, the activation energies and frequency factors for two main interdiffusion coefficients. For example, Q (kJ ) Co = 268 , 5 ( 2 1 ) 0( ) 4.4 10 D = × − m s − Co , 3 ( 2 1 ) 0( ) 2.9 10 D = × − m s − Ru in Ni-Co-Ru system.
Andreas Öchsner and Graeme E. Murch
S. Sakurai et al., "Diffusion of Refractory Elements in Ni—X—Y (X, Y: Co, Re, Ru, W) Ternary Alloys ", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 273-276, pp. 572-576, 2008