Simulation of a Liquid Droplet Impinging on a Horizontal Solid Substrate Using Lattice Boltzmann Moment Model
The shape and surface texture of a liquid droplet were studied in two-dimension when a droplet impinges on a solid substrate under isothermal condition. The lattice Boltzmann moment model was applied to simulate the fluid dynamics considering the adhesive interaction between fluid particles and surfaces. The results show the influence of wetting on the process and the drop shape. For the hydrophobic surface, the process after impinging may be divided into two stages: the spreading process driven by inertial forces and the subsequent oscillation (recoiling process) driven by surface tension forces. While for the hydrophilic surface, the droplet will only deposits on the surface and there is no the recoiling stage. In addition, the effects of the impinging speed on the shape and texture of the droplet were studied. The spreading speed and the maximum diameter of the spreading droplet increase with the rise of the impinging speed.
Andreas Öchsner, Graeme E. Murch and Ali Shokuhfar
Y. L. Guo et al., "Simulation of a Liquid Droplet Impinging on a Horizontal Solid Substrate Using Lattice Boltzmann Moment Model", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 283-286, pp. 303-308, 2009