Synthesis and Characterization of Single Crystals Y3Fe5O12 and Bi3Fe5O12 Prepared via Sol Gel Technique
Magnetic properties of nano-crystalline yttrium iron garnet, Y3Fe5O12 and bismuth iron garnet, Bi3Fe5O12 were studied. The samples were synthesized by using sol gel route. The gel were prepared using nitrates of yttrium and iron for the yttium iron garnet (YIG) and nitrates of bismuth and iron for the bismuth iron garnet (BIG). The raw materials were mixed and dissolved in citric acid and were stirred for 3 months in room temperature until the gel was observed. The X-ray diffraction pattern reveals the cubic structure of YIG and BIG samples at 7000C and 5000C respectively. From the M-H diagrams it was found that the YIG and BIG samples have saturation magnetization, Ms of 27.2 Gs with rectangular hysteresis loop and 24.4 Gs with S hysteresis loop, respectively. It is evident from the FESEM micrographs that the rectangular loop shape (YIG) arises from the homogeneous and rounded microstructure as compared to the inhomogenous and random orientation microstructure (BIG) of the samples. From the Electron diffraction done on Transmission Electron Microscope, both of the samples were shown to be single crystals.
Andreas Öchsner, Graeme E. Murch and Ali Shokuhfar
N. Yahya et al., "Synthesis and Characterization of Single Crystals Y3Fe5O12 and Bi3Fe5O12 Prepared via Sol Gel Technique", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 283-286, pp. 406-412, 2009