Authors: Servane Blanqué, J. Lyonnet, Jean Camassel, R. Pérez, P. Terziyska, Sylvie Contreras, Phillippe Godignon, Narcis Mestres, Jordi Pascual
Abstract: We report a full wafer scale investigation of the activation of nitrogen and phosphorus ions co-implanted at room temperature in a 4H-SiC semi-insulating wafer. We used a full 35 mm wafers on which, after implantation and annealing, 77 reticules with Hall bars and TLM motifs were processed. We found an average sheet resistance of 531 W/square with 30 W/square standard deviation.
Authors: Jorge Arturo Avila-Haro, Jose Ramon González-Drigo, Yeudy Felipe Vargas, L.G. Pujades, A.H. Barbat
Abstract: Barcelona, as well as a large number of cities in the Mediterranean basin, has a housing stock composed of a large number of unreinforced brick masonry buildings. Motivated by different factors, the enlargement of the city (Eixample in Catalan) was held from the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, a period in which a large number of buildings of this type were built, many of which are still used as dwellings. Although the buildings were built individually, some of them are linked to adjacent buildings by the side walls. This feature leads to the analysis of the buildings as isolated structures and also as an aggregate. Barcelona is located in a seismic region of low to moderate hazard, with macroseismic intensity between the grades VI and VII of the European macroseismic scale EMS'98. Based on the deterministic and probabilistic response spectra for the different types of soils present in Barcelona obtained in the work of Irizarry (2004), the seismic risk of four individual buildings and an aggregate is evaluated. The buildings are modeled and analyzed using the TREMURI program and MATLAB routines under the guidance of RISK-UE project.
Authors: Edgar Torres, Arturo Plata, Germán Díaz, Caori Takeuchi
Abstract: The fiber density per cross section of the Bamboo Guadua Angustifolia Kunth (GAK) was calculated by digital images processing. Three processes were done in the development of this work: preparation of the samples, digital pre-processing of the images acquired, and digital processing of the images acquired. For the preparation of the samples, the polishing with different abrasive papers and wool were done, and afterwards, it was added revealing ink on surface to make better the contrast between the fiber zones. The digital pre-processing of the images was based on the acquisition of sequences of images, doing a sweeping of the samples using an automatic plate. The digital processing consisted in the generation of panoramas with sequences of images acquired from the sample. The cross section fiber density was obtained by the calculus of the reason between digital measurement of the total area of the fibers and the total area of the sample. Finally, the values obtained for the fiber density were: 0.34, 0.41 and 0.43 for bottom, middle and top part of the culm respectively.