Structural and Morphological Studies of Porous ZnO for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Applications
Porous nanoflake ZnO has been successfully synthesized via a pyrolitic process of chemical bath deposition (CBD). The latter produced nanoflakes of Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6 as an intermediate product, which transformed to ZnO at 300°C. The microstructure has been investigated by surface morphology observation using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and crystal-structure analysis using X-ray diffraction (XRD). A random structure of 40nm-thick flakes, grown perpendicularly on the substrate, has been obtained.
David J. Fisher
A. Huda and P.A. Nugroho, "Structural and Morphological Studies of Porous ZnO for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Applications ", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 293, pp. 67-70, 2009