Chemical Precipitation Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of Hematite Nanorods

Abstract:

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One-dimensional (1D) hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanorods have been successfully prepared using a chemical precipitation method. The sample was characterized by using a variety of techniques, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The results showed that the nanorods obtained were monocrystalline, with an average diameter of about 60nm and a length of up to 800nm. In the preparation of α-Fe2O3, the length of α-Fe2O3 seemed to increase with the addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG), and the diameter seemed to decrease with the addition of Zn2+. Nanorods of α-Fe2O3 with a smaller diameter and superior slenderness ratio were prepared by adding both PEG and Zn2+. A possible growth mechanism effect of PEG and Zn2+ upon the morphology of α-Fe2O3 was as follows: α-FeOOH grew in a one-dimensioned orientation upon the surface of a polyethylene glycol template. In the meantime, the Fe3+ position in the α-FeOOH crystal was substituted by Zn2+; resulting in point defects in α-FeOOH crystal due to the radius discrepancy between Zn2+ and Fe3+. The growth-step energy was then reduced as a result of the point defects in the α-FeOOH crystal. The results of magnetic measurements of the hematite nanorods revealed a weak ferromagnetic property which might be related to the shape anisotropy.

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Periodical:

Edited by:

David J. Fisher

Pages:

77-82

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/DDF.293.77

Citation:

Q. L. Li et al., "Chemical Precipitation Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of Hematite Nanorods", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vol. 293, pp. 77-82, 2009

Online since:

August 2009

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$35.00

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