In this work, the mixed convention of air inside a rectangular cavity with moving cold sidewalls is studied numerically. A constant flux heat source is attached to the bottom wall of the cavity. A thin thermal shield is located at a specific distance above the heat source. The governing equations are solved using appropriate numerical methods. A parametric study has been conducted and the effects of heat source length, its location and the shield distance from the source on the heat transfer have been investigated. The results show that the heat dissipation increases as the heat source and the shield are moved up to a certain distance towards either sidewall. However, moving them beyond this limiting distance results in the reduction of heat dissipation. It is shown that the presence of shield results in the reduction of the heat transfer coefficient. However, for the normalized distance of the shield from the heat source greater than , the shield’s effect on the reduction of the heat transfer coefficient is less than.