Assessment of Thermal Non-Equilibrium Condition on Heat Transfer through a Channel Lined with Porous Media – Constant Wall Temperature
In this paper, forced convection in a channel lined with a porous layer is investigated. The main goal is to assess the effect of local thermal non-equilibrium condition on overall heat transfer in the channel. The effects of thermal conductivity of solid and thickness of porous layer are also studied. Flow assumed to be laminar and fully developed. The Brinkman-Forchheimer model for flow as well as the two equation energy model is used. The results showed that when the problem tends to local thermal equilibrium condition, heat transfer is enhanced due to heat conduction through solid phase. Another factor, which can facilitate the heat transfer, is the increase of the thermal conductivity of solid material. This trend is sensitive to the thickness of porous layer and modified Biot number, which is a measure (criterion) of local fluid to solid heat transfer. As thickness and modified Biot number increase, the Nusselt number becomes more sensitive to the thermal conductivity ratio.
Andreas Öchsner, Graeme E. Murch and João M.P.Q. Delgado
M. Abkar et al., "Assessment of Thermal Non-Equilibrium Condition on Heat Transfer through a Channel Lined with Porous Media – Constant Wall Temperature", Defect and Diffusion Forum, Vols. 312-315, pp. 33-38, 2011