Metallic Tin-Filling Effects on Carbon Nanotubes Revealed by Atomically Resolved Spectro-Microscopies
The identification of features in the Local Density of States (LDOS) of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) obtained by Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy (STS) is of great importance in order to understand their properties. In this work, Single- and Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotubes are compared with Multi-Wall CNTs filled with tin nanowires (Sn@CNTs) in order to investigate the effect on morphological and electronic properties of the CNTs metallic filling. The LDOS of CNTs, together with topology changes, is investigated by using spatially resolved STM/STS at room temperature and in air and compared to the LDOS of highly oriented pyrolitic graphite (HOPG). The LDOS of CNTs is dominated from different electronic states filling the C 2pσ-2pσ* band gap. The appearance of those states is linked to the diameter and the defects of the CNTs. In fact, Snnanowires encapsulation induces changes in the structure of the CNTs and the appearance of electronic states in the LDOS inside the band gap. A more extensive description of the samples is obtained depicting the morphological features and the vibrational structure on wider areas using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy, respectively.
E. Maccallini et al., "Metallic Tin-Filling Effects on Carbon Nanotubes Revealed by Atomically Resolved Spectro-Microscopies", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 3, pp. 1-6, 2008