Steam Gasification Characteristics of a Pine-Nut Shell in a Thermobalance and a Fluidized Bed Reactor
Pyrolysis kinetics of a pine nut shell in a thermo gravimetric analyzer (TGA) and the combustion and steam gasification kinetics of a pine nut shell’s chars in a thermobalance reactor were determined. Also, the steam gasification characteristics of the pine nut shell were determined in a fluidized bed reactor. The maximum pyrolysis reaction rate is obtained at 360oC from the TGA and DTG studies. The activation energy and the pre-exponential factor of the char were determined from the Arrhenius plot based on the shrinking core model. The effects of the reaction temperature (350oC - 950oC) and the O2 partial pressure on the combustion kinetics and that of the steam partial pressure (0.4 - 0.8atm) on the gasification kinetics were determined in a thermobalance reactor. In the combustion reaction, the activation energies and the pre-exponential factors are found to be 21.7 kcal mol-1 at 61.9 s-1atm-1 and 2.36 kcal/mol at 0.0029 s-1atm-1 in the reaction control and the pore-diffusion control regimes, respectively. The reaction order is found to be 1.0 with respect to the O2 partial pressure at 750oC. In the steam gasification reaction, the activation energy and the pre-exponential factor are found to be 16.9 kcal mol-1 at 0.0076s-1atm-1 and 2.67 kcal mol-1 at 0.00036s-1atm-1 in the reaction control and the pore-diffusion control regimes, respectively. The reaction order is found to be 0.77 with respect to the H2O partial pressure at 750oC. The effects of the gas velocity (2Umf - 4Umf), reaction temperature (700oC - 850oC), steam/carbon ratio (0.56 - 1.12) and O2/C ratio (0.16 - 0.32) on the gas composition, gas yield, cold gas efficiency and the calorific value of the product gas were determined in a fluidized bed reactor (10 cm-i.d. × 1.6m-high) with the feeding rate of the pine nut shell of 1 - 3 kg hr-1. The carbon conversion, calorific value, cold gas efficiency and the total product gas yield increased with an increasing temperature. The hydrogen concentration increases with an increasing reaction temperature and the gas velocity and steam/carbon ratio as well as the hydrogen concentration decreases with an increasing O2/C ratio in the fluidized bed reactor.
Kwang Hwa Chung, Yong Hyeon Shin, Sue-Nie Park, Hyun Sook Cho, Soon-Ae Yoo, Byung Joo Min, Hyo-Suk Lim and Kyung Hwa Yoo
S. A. Roh et al., "Steam Gasification Characteristics of a Pine-Nut Shell in a Thermobalance and a Fluidized Bed Reactor ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 277-279, pp. 637-643, 2005