Preparation of PMZN Piezoceramic Using Sol-Autocombustion Synthesized PZT Powder as a Base
Using Zr(NO3)4.5H2O as Zr source, PZT powder with a single-phase perovskite structure was synthesized by a sol-autocombustion method at a calcining temperature of 700°C. Compared with a solid-state reaction method, the calcining temperature of PZT can be lowered by 200°C when using the sol-autocombustion method. PMZN ceramic was prepared at a sintering temperature of 1050°C with the resulting PZT powder as a base, which can lower the sintering temperature by 150°C. The microstructure of the PMZN ceramic was investigated by XRD and SEM, and the dielectric and piezoelectric properties were measured. The results showed that the PMZN piezoelectric ceramic has a tetragonal perovskite structure, showing the main electrical properties as follows: Kp = 0.54, Qm = 1073, tgd £ 0.001, e33 T/ e0 = 1236, d33 = 454pC/N, and fs =136.1KHz.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
H. J. Sun et al., "Preparation of PMZN Piezoceramic Using Sol-Autocombustion Synthesized PZT Powder as a Base", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 219-222, 2005