The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the piping failure frequency based on the piping failure events in Korean pressurized water reactors (PWRs) until the end of 2003. Two types of the piping failure frequencies including the piping damage frequency and the piping rupture frequency are considered in this study. The piping damage frequency for the failed piping system was estimated by using the piping population data such as the weld count or the base metal count. The piping rupture frequency related to the initiating event in a probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) was evaluated by using both the Bayesian approach (Method 1) and the conditional rupture probability approach (Method 2). In the Bayesian approach, two methods using Jeffreys noninformative prior (Method 1-1) and prior distributions based on the results in NUREG/CR-5750 (Method 1-2) were considered. Thirty piping failure events in ASME safety class pipings of Korean PWRs were identified and analyzed in this study. The results showed that the piping damage frequency for the events ranged from 5.42E-3/cr.yr to 2.77E-5/cr.yr. Three kinds of initiating events including the very small LOCA, the feedwater line break, and the flood are evaluated for Korean PWRs. The results for the piping rupture frequency in Korean PWRs were as follows: 1) The mean piping rupture frequency of the very small LOCA event ranged from 3.6E-3/cr.yr to 1.2E-2/cr.yr, the feedwater line break event from 3.6E-3/cr.yr to 2.5E-2/cr.yr, and the flood event from 7.8E-4/cr.yr to 3.6E-3/cr.yr. The mean piping rupture frequencies of the very small LOCA and feedwater line break events were higher than that of the flood event by one order of a magnitude. 2) Method 2 gave conservative results in the very small LOCA and feedwater line break events compared to Method 1-1 or Method 1-2, while Method 1-1 gave conservative results in the flood event. 3) The order of magnitudes in the mean piping rupture frequencies of the very small LOCA, the feedwater line break, and the flood in Korean PWRs were similar to those in the U.S. PWRs.