Fabrication and Optical Properties of PLZT Photonic Crystals Using a Sol-Gel Process
Two-dimensional Pb0.865La0.09Zr0.65Ti0.35O3 (PLZT) photonic crystals with hexagonal arrays of air holes on (001) Pt-sputtered magnesium oxide substrates were fabricated using a sol-gel process with resist molds. The PLZT photonic crystals have a thickness of 200 nm, and the period of hexagonal array and the radius of air holes were 400 or 450 nm and 135 or 165 nm, respectively. The PLZT photonic crystals were primarily orientated along the c-axis. The strain hysteresis loop of the photonic crystals suggested that the photonic crystals are ferroelectric. Several peaks within range of wavelength between 500 nm and 1000 nm appeared in the optical reflection spectra from the cleaved facet of the photonic crystals. The peaks have polarization dependence and the frequency bands of the each peak were close to that of photonic band gaps (PBGs) expected by the calculations.
Masaru Miyayama, Tadashi Takenaka, Masasuke Takata and Kazuo Shinozaki
T. Aoki et al., "Fabrication and Optical Properties of PLZT Photonic Crystals Using a Sol-Gel Process", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 301, pp. 201-204, 2006