Resorbable Gypsum Coating on Calcium Metaphosphate for Controlled Degradation Rate
Five kinds of gypsums, (1) CaSO4•2H2O (caldium sulfate dihydrate; CSD), (2) CaSO4•1/2H2O (calcium sulfate hemihydrate; CSH), (3) CaSO4 (calcium sulfate anhydrite; CSA), (4) CSH200 (CSH heat-treated at 200°C after self-hardening), and (5) CSH600 (CSH heat-treated at 600°C after self-hardening) were used as candidates for coating materials on calcium metaphosphate (CMP) scaffod to control degradation rate of CMP and to extend degradation limit. The disks of CSD, CSH, CSA, CSH 200, and CSH600 were prepared by self-hardening after mixing with water, where CSH200 and CSH600 were heat-treated at 200°C and 600°C, respectively. In order to control fast resorption rate of gypsum, CMP-CSA composites were prepared with different CSA contents such as 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, and 70 vol% and heat-treated at 900°C for 4 hours. The degradation rates of various gypsums were evaluated in revised simulated body fluid (r-SBF) for 1, 3, 7, and 21 days, respectively. Degradation rate of each specimen was measured in terms of weight loss change with time and degraded surface morphology was examined by SEM. All kinds of gypsums were transformd into CSD after self-hardening with water. Most of gypsums were degraded by 35~60 wt% at 7 days and by 70~99 wt% at 21 days of soaking in SBF. In the group of CMP-CSA composites, the degree of degradation of them was considerably retarded compared to that of five pure gypsums. The surface morphology showed elongated needle-like crystals during the degradation with time.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
C. K. You et al., "Resorbable Gypsum Coating on Calcium Metaphosphate for Controlled Degradation Rate", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 723-726, 2006