EPD-Sintering of Hydroxyapatite, Porcelain and Wollastonite on 316L Stainless Steel
Hydroxyapatite, porcelain and wollastonite coatings on stainless steel 316L were produced by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) in ethanol and acetone using a voltage between 200 and 1000 V during 0.5 to 60 s. The particle size distribution of the starting suspension was 0.3 to 4.9 microns with an average size of 1.5 microns. The coatings were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. The amount of ceramic material on the surface of the metallic samples was evaluated by determining their difference in weight before and after the electrophoretic deposition process. The conductivity and zeta potential of the dispersing media were also evaluated. Dense, homogeneous and crack-free green coatings were obtained. The deposition rate was higher by using acetone as dispersing media. The higher zeta potential and the lower viscosity were attributed to be the cause of the better electrophoretic deposition of the acetone and methanol ceramic suspensions. Submicron particle coatings were then sintered between 800 and 1000 C during 2 h. The sintered coatings presented a very homogeneous polycrystalline structure free of cracks. The results show that the application of high voltage during short periods of time is an effective method to obtain ceramic coatings with good sinterability.
A.R. Boccaccini, O. Van der Biest and R. Clasen
G. Vargas et al., "EPD-Sintering of Hydroxyapatite, Porcelain and Wollastonite on 316L Stainless Steel", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 314, pp. 263-0, 2006