Bulk Consolidation of Non-Oxide Ceramic Powders Derived from Polymer Precursors
Consolidation of pyrolyzed powders has been tried by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) without sintering additives, in order to obtain dense non-oxide ceramic bulk materials derived from polymer precursors. Si1.0C1.6N1.3 ceramic powders were derived from a polyvinylsilazane polymer. The polymer was thermally crosslinked at 250oC and pyrolyzed at 1050oC under Ar atmosphere. The pyrolyzed powders were die-pressed into rectangular bars at room temperature and densified by HIP at 1400oC-900 MPa and 1500oC-950 MPa. Dense ceramic monolith, in which pores were not observed by optical microscopy, was obtained by the HIP consolidation at 1500oC-950 MPa. The microstructure of the ceramic monolith was a nano-composite structure consisted of α-Si3N4 and graphite phases. In the compression tests of the HIP-treated sample, slight plastic deformation was observed at 1400 and 1500oC in spite of high compressive stress over 1000 MPa. On the other hand, the sample showed a compressive strain of about 7% at 1000 MPa at 1600oC. The compressive strain of about 11% was achieved at 1700oC.
T. Ohji, T. Sekino and K. Niihara
S. Ishihara et al., "Bulk Consolidation of Non-Oxide Ceramic Powders Derived from Polymer Precursors", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 317-318, pp. 15-18, 2006