Based on full layerwise displacement shell theory, the vibration and damping characteristics of cylindrical sandwiched panels with viscoelastic layers are investigated. The transverse shear deformation and the normal strain of the cylindrical hybrid panels are fully taken into account for the structural damping modeling. The layerwise finite element model is formulated by using Hamilton’s virtual work principle and the cylindrical curvature of hybrid panels is exactly modeled. Modal loss factor and frequency response functions are analyzed for various structural parameters of cylindrical sandwich panels. Present results show that the full layerwise finite element method can accurately predict the vibration and damping characteristics of the cylindrical hybrid panels with surface damping treatments and constrained layer damping.