Development and Evaluation of a Contacting Force Measurement System in a High Temperature and Pressure Water Condition for Fretting Wear Experiments
New system (load cell) for measuring a contacting force in a high temperature and pressure water condition (i.e. 320, 15 MPa) has been developed. The primary purpose is to apply it to the experiments of a nuclear fuel fretting wear, which occurs on the contacts between the fuel rods and the spacer grid spring/dimples due to a flow-induced vibration of the rods. A bi-axial load cell of a cylindrical shape is specially designed. Strain gages for a special use in a high temperature condition were attached on to the sensitive region of it to accommodate the bi-axial loading condition in fretting. The full scale of this load cell is ±50 N in axial force and ±50 N in bending force, respectively. In order to increase the sensitivity and to compensate for an ambient temperature effect, the load cell consists of two Wheatstone full bridge arrangements. The calibration results of the load cell show that the coupling effects of each force were almost negligible. This paper mainly presents the experimental techniques used during the development of the new load cell system. The techniques are characterized by a design optimization of a jig of a cylindrical type, the application of a metallic sealant for a waterproofing, a free welding fabrication process and a temperature compensation circuit. Details on the development procedure, calibration method and application results are also given in this paper.
Soon-Bok Lee and Yun-Jae Kim
Y. H. Lee and H. K. Kim, "Development and Evaluation of a Contacting Force Measurement System in a High Temperature and Pressure Water Condition for Fretting Wear Experiments", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 326-328, pp. 1431-1434, 2006