Conventional non-destructive techniques for inspection of weld in pipelines require significant test time and high cost. In order to overcome these drawbacks in conventional NDT techniques, various techniques using ultrasonic guided waves have been developed and applied to the pipeline inspection. Recently, a fast calculation technique for guided wave propagation using a semi-analytical finite element method (SAFEM), PIPE WAVE ver.1.0, has been developed by T. Takahiro et al . In this paper, the calculation of torsional mode propagation in a pipe using PIPE WAVE ver. 1.0 is introduced as a preliminary study and the application of the torsional mode of ultrasonic guided waves to long range pipe inspection is presented.. The characteristics and setup of a long range guided wave inspection system and experimental results in pipes of various diameters are introduced. The experimental results in mock-up pipes with cluster type detects show that the limit of detectable wall thickness reduction with this guided wave system is 2~3% in the pipe cross section area and the wall thickness reduction of 5% in cross section area can be detected when actual detection level is used. Therefore, the applicability of the ultrasonic guided wave technique to long range pipeline inspection for wall thickness reduction is verified.