Constraint of Semi-Elliptical Surface Cracks in T and L-Joints
Critical defects in pressure vessels and pipes are generally found in the form of a semielliptical surface crack, and the analysis of which is consequently an important issue in engineering fracture mechanics. Furthermore, in addition to the traditional single parameter K or J-integral, the second parameter like T-stress should be measured to quantify the constraint effect. In this work, the validity of the line-spring model is investigated by comparing line-spring J-T solutions to the reference 3D finite element J-T solutions. A full 3D-mesh generating program for semi-elliptical surface cracks is employed to provide such reference 3D solutions. Then some structural characteristics of the surface-cracked T and L-joints are studied by mixed mode line-spring finite element. Negative T-stresses observed in T and L-joints indicate the necessity of J-T two parameter approach for analyses of surface-cracked T and L-joints.
Soon-Bok Lee and Yun-Jae Kim
H. Y. Lee and Y. J. Kim, "Constraint of Semi-Elliptical Surface Cracks in T and L-Joints", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 326-328, pp. 939-944, 2006