The synthesis of aluminum titanate solid solution (Al2(1-x)MgxTi1+xO5, x=0, 0.1, 0.2) powders was realized by solid state reaction method using fine commercial α-Al2O3, TiO2 and MgO powders as raw materials. The effect of the introduced amount of MgO on the phase formation of aluminum titanate solid solution was investigated by XRD following the phase evolution. It was revealed that the introduction of MgO strongly affects the formation of Al2(1-x)MgxTi(1+x)O5 solid solution. The easily formed MgTi2O5 acts as the nucleus prompting the formation and lowering the synthesis temperature. The microstructure and properties of the solid solution ceramics were also studied by SEM and measuring the fracture strength and the thermal expansion coefficient.