Preparation and Photocatalytic Properties of Nanosized La3+ and Co2+ Co-Doped TiO2 by Microemulsions
La3+ and Co2+ co-doped titania nanoparticles were prepared from reacting TiOSO4, La(NO3)3 and Co(NO3)2 with NH4OH in water/Triton X-100/n-hexanol/cyclohexane microemulsions. The structure, surface morphology and the specific surface area of the samples were characterized. The photocatalytic efficiency of as-prepared TiO2 was tested by photodegrading methyl orange. The results showed that doping with La3+ and Co2+ could suppress the growth of TiO2 grains and increase the specific surface area; When the calcination temperature increased from 300°C to 900°C, the average crystallite size of the particles increased from 7.3nm to 35.6 nm andthe specific surface area of the particles decreased rapidly from 205.5m2/g to 41.2m2/g. The synthesized amorphous particles wer transformed into anatase phase at 300°C, and further into rutile phase at 900°C. UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectrum revealed that La3+ and Co2+ co-doped TiO2 absorbed UV light and visible light, while pure TiO2 could only absorb UV light. In the experiments of photodegrading methyl orange, it was proved that La3+ and Co2+ co-doped TiO2 had high photocatalytic activity under UV light and visible light, while pure TiO2 showed photocatalytic activity just under UV light.
Wei Pan and Jianghong Gong
W. L. Liu et al., "Preparation and Photocatalytic Properties of Nanosized La3+ and Co2+ Co-Doped TiO2 by Microemulsions", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 336-338, pp. 1943-1945, 2007