Metal Working and Dislocation Structures
Microstructural observations are presented for different metals deformed from low to high strain by both traditional and new metal working processes. It is shown that deformation induced dislocation structures can be interpreted and analyzed within a common framework of grain subdivision on a finer and finer scale down to the nanometer dimension, which can be reached at ultrahigh strains. It is demonstrated that classical materials science and engineering principles apply from the largest to the smallest structural scale but also that new and unexpected structures and properties characterize metals with structures on the scale from about 10 nm to 1 μm.
Yu Zhou, Shan-Tung Tu and Xishan Xie
N. Hansen "Metal Working and Dislocation Structures", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 353-358, pp. 9-16, 2007